Home Blog

Turkish Style Eggplant Recipe – Imam Bayildi

Turkish Style Eggplant Recipe – Imam Bayildi

The Queen of Turkish Appetizers

Turkish cuisine is well known for its olive oil based vegetarian dishes. Many of these are served cold and often as appetizers. Imam Bayildi is no doubt one the most famous and most delicious of them all. In Turkish, it literally means «the imam fainted»! There are many tales behind the name of this recipe. But the most popular one is that the imam liked so much this dish when he was served by his wife that he simply fainted of delight!

This Turkish style eggplant recipe consists of small eggplants stuffed with onion, garlic, and tomatoes, then simmered in olive oil. You will be surprized how a simple dish like this one can be so good. Indeed, what makes Turkish cuisine so special is not just the fresh and healthy ingredients, but also the cooking techniques used.

Imam Bayildi has also a variation named Karniyarik which additionally contains minced beef and is served warm. Here is the Imam Bayildi recipe for your enjoyment:

Imam Bayildi Recipe

Imam BayildiPortions: 6 Preparation and Cooking Time: 135min

Ingredients:

  • 6 small and long eggplants
  • 4 large onions
  • 3 large tomatoes
  • 10 cloves of garlic
  • 1 small bunch of parsley
  • 8ml (1 1/2 tbsp) sugar
  • 375ml (1.5 cups) extra virgin olive oil
  • salt to taste

Preparation and Cooking Method:

1. Cut and discard the stems from the eggplants. Peel lengthwise each eggplant by cutting off 1cm wide thin stripes, like on the skin of a zebra.

2. Cut each eggplant lengthwise in two halves, and into each of the halves, on the exposed side, cut off a large lengthwise notch paying attention not to pierce through the skin. Soak the eggplants in salted cold water for aboute 40 minutes. Drain and dry them with paper towels.

3. Heat 85ml (1/3 cup) of the olive oil in a lidded pan that is large enough to hold all the eggplant halves side by side. Fry lightly the eggplant halves, just enough so that they do not lose their firmness. Turn off the heat and position the halves in the pan tightly next to each other with the notch on each half facing upwards. Set aside.

4. Cut the onions in very thin quarter-moon shaped slices. Peel the garlic cloves and cut them lengthwise in two.

5. Heat 60ml (4 tbsp) olive oil in a frying pan and fry the onions until they become translucent but not golden. Be careful not to get the onions too soft. Add the garlic cloves and cook for just another minute.

6. Combine in a bowl the tomatoes washed and cut in small cubes, the parsley washed and minced, and the onion-garlic mixture. Add 5ml (1 tsp) salt and mix well.

7. Stuff a good amount of the mixture into the notch of each eggplant half. Cover the eggplants with the rest of the stuffing if there is any left. Add the remaining olive oil, 2 cups of water, the sugar, and 3ml (1/2 tsp) of salt. Cook first at high temperature until the liquid starts to boil, and then covered at very low temperature for 1 hour.

8. Refrigarate well and serve as a cold appetizer.

Bon appétit!

Turkish Stuffed Vine Leaves – The Authentic Recipe for Yalanci Dolma

Turkish Stuffed Vine Leaves – The Authentic Recipe for Yalanci Dolma

Vine leaves can be stuffed with both rice or meat. The recipe I will describe here is the rice based version which is eaten cold as an appetizer. In Turkish, vegetarian rice stuffed vine leaves are called yalanci dolma (pronounced «yalandgi dolma»). The word dolma comes from the Turkish verb dolmak meaning to fill or to stuff, and dolma means some type of stuffed vegetable (such as peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, vine leaves, etc.). Yalanci dolma means a fake or false dolma because no meat is used in the stuffing.

Similar Greek and Lebanese recipes do exist. But the ingredients used by the Turkish recipe are quite different from those used by the Greek and Lebanese versions. As someone who has tried many versions of this recipe, I can safely assert that nothing comes even close to the taste and refinement of the original Turkish version. Aside from the main stuffing ingredients (rice and onions) that can be found in all of the various versions of this recipe, it is ingredients such as pine nuts, dried currents, mint, dill, allspice, etc. used only by the original Turkish recipe that make all the difference in taste!

Ingredients:

  • 16oz (1lb or 454g) of vine leaves preserved in brine
  • 1 cup of rice
  • 7 large size chopped onions
  • 1/2 cup of finely chopped fresh mint
  • 1 cup finely chopped fresh dill
  • 2 tablespoons tomato paste or one large tomato chopped
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 3/4 cup olive oil
  • 3 heaping tablespoons pine nuts
  • 3 heaping tablespoon dried currants (note: currants are different from raisins!)
  • 1 lemon
  • 1 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon ground allspice
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • water

Preparation:

The preparation of stuffed vine leaves has three parts to it:

1 — Preparing the rice stuffing,
2 — Preparing the vine leaves,
3 — Stuffing the leaves and cooking.

Each stage of the preparation will be described in the next sections.

Preparing the Rice Stuffing

  • Let the raw rice stand in warm water for 15 minutes. Wash a couple of times with cold water until the water runs clear. Drain very well.
  • In a large pan that has a lid, heat the olive oil and saute on medium heat the onions and pine nuts with the salt until the onions become soft. Stir often and be careful not to burn the onions and the nuts.
  • Add the drained rice and saute for about 10 minutes on medium-to-high heat, stirring all the time. If you stop stirring the rice will stick to the bottom of the pan and burn.
  • Turn the heat to low, and add the dried currants, the tomato paste (or chopped tomato), the sugar, the salt, the finely chopped mint and dill, the allspice, the pepper, the salt and 1 cup of water (note that you could use dried mint and dill, if you don`t have them fresh). Mix well!
  • Cover and let it cook on low heat for 20 minutes, or until the water is absorbed by the rice. Let the rice mixture sit in the covered pan until it cools down.

The prepared rice mixture is shown in the picture.

Preparing the Vine Leaves

  • No matter where or how you bought them, vine leaves usually come in tightly packed bundles preserved in brine. if they came in a jar, remove carefully the vine bundles from the jar, paying attention not to damage them.
  • Drop the bundles in boiling water for just 2 minutes to soften them, and drained them right away.
  • Because leaves come in tightly packed bundles, they need to be separated from each other. Separate them gently, and wash them well under running water to get rid of the brine.
  • Here is a trick to cut down on time and make this task easier: Fill your kitchen sink with clean cold water. Drop the leaf clusters into the water, and let stand for 5 minutes. You will see that most of the leaves will separate from each other, and those that won’t will be easily separated manually. Make sure you wash off the brine from each leaf.
  • Cut the short stem from each leaf, and reserve the leaf for stuffing.
  • Cover the bottom of a large saucepan with a layer of leaves. You should use damaged or small leaves not suitable for stuffing.

Stuffing the Leaves and Cooking

  • To stuff the leaves, place a teaspoonful of the rice mixture onto the «hairy» (not shiny) side of each vine leaf, close to where the stem used to be. Fold first the bottom part of the leaf onto the mixture, then tuck in well the sides of the leaf. Finally, roll up like a cigar, lightly pressing the mixture into the leaves as you roll. It has to be a tight roll. See the sequential pictures below for a step by step pictorial description of the leaf rolling process. Note: If you don’t want to make the rolls manually, you could use the amazing Stuffed Vine Leaves Rolling Machine. See below for further details.
  • Place each stuffed vine leaf into the pan, on the vine-leaf bed, with the seam side down. Place them tightly close to each other. When the bottom of the pan is full, start another layer by placing the stuffed vine leaves on the first layer, and so on, until all the vine leaf rolls are in the pan. Again, see the pictures below for a pictorial description.
  • Pour one cup of water, and the juice of a lemon over the rolls.
  • Place a heat resistant plate on top of the rolls to hold them in place while cooking.
  • Cook over low heat for 1 hour. Turn the heat off, but keep the pan covered for another 30 minutes to make sure the water is well absorbed.
  • Refrigerate well before serving. This dish is usually served as an appetizer.

WWI – Soldiers Through Time

WWI – Soldiers Through Time

By the turn of the twentieth-century, Europe was made up of six world powers. They were Germany, Italy, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. These nations were filled with nationalism, or great national pride. Most Europeans believed their nation to be superior to any other, and many were willing to go to war to demonstrate their will.

Did You Know?

European alliances entangled almost the entire continent into what became known as «the Great War.»

The Machine Gun

In 1884, Hiram Maxim made a gun. It was a weapon that used the recoil of one bullet to initiate the firing of the next button which would create a chain reaction of bullet fire. Maxim took his invention to the military leaders in Great Britain. But when they decided they had no need for such a weapon, he took it to Germany.

Did You Know?

There was a problem with the first machine guns because after firing for just two minutes it would often take an hour or two for the gun to cool down.

Secret weapon — Poison Gas

On April 22, 1915 a yellow-green cloud moved over the Allied trenches causing the troops to choke and cough up blood. The German army had developed a secret weapon, poisonous gas.

Did You Know?

This new chemical warfare caused gas masks to become part of the standard army uniform.

Trench Warfare

The invention of the machine gun and its rapid fire made warfare more deadly. So, both sides were forced to fight from deep trenches. Trenches were heavily armed and protected with barbed wire. They were built 12 feet deep in a zigzag pattern.

Did You Know?

The area between one trench and the enemy trench was known as «no man’s land.»

Tanks

By 1916 the British had a new weapon they believed might end the long period of trench warfare. This weapon was the tank.

*The vehicle was called a tank to disguise its true purpose. When the first tanks were transported to France, they were covered and labeled «water tanks for Russia». The word tank stuck and has been used ever since.

Did You Know?

Only 18 of 49 tanks saw action at the Battle of the Somme. The others were stopped by mechanical problems and muddy ground.

Battle in the Skies

High above the trenches another even more deadly battle was taking place. In the skies pilots were fighting quick and decisive battles. Would be pilots would first be an«observer» which meant he was a passenger in a two-seated plane and would observe positions and details of the enemy when the plane flew over enemy lines. Then there was ground school, elementary training and finally, a fighter pilot.

Did You Know?

A flying «ace» was a pilot who was credited with shooting down more than five enemy planes.

Malignant Tumor

Malignant Tumor

Malignant Tumor

Malignant tumor is uncontrolled proliferation of modified tissue cells. Growth of any malignant tumor in the body disrupts its normal functioning.

Malignant Tumor Distinction

All malignant tumors differ depending on the type of abnormal cells:

Carcinoma or cancer originates from epithelial tissue cells.

Melanoma originates from melanocytes.

Sarcoma originates from the cells of connective tissues, muscles and bones.

Leukemia originates from bone marrow stem cells.

Lymphoma originates from damaged lymphatic tissue cells.

Teratoma originates from the cells of embryos.

Glioma originates from glial cells.

Choriocarcinoma originates from placental tissue cells.

Some types of malignant tumor affect mainly children and adolescents in the first 5 years from birth.

Definition of Malignant Tumor

In order to define a malignant tumor, it is necessary to know the basic symptoms of malignancy manifestation:

• different structure and behavior of cells from the underlying tissue;

• no cell membrane, separating the tumor from the rest of the body;

• rapid active growth and expansion of the tumor;

• tumor capacity to expand to nearby tissues through the blood vessels and lymphatic viae.

Here are the most characteristic symptoms:

• abnormal induration or swelling;

• bleeding;

• inflammatory processes;

• jaundice;

• enlarged lymph nodes;

• bone pain and fractures;

• neurological sensations;

• weight loss;

• lack of appetite;

• anemia;

• increased sweating.

Difference between Malignant & Benign Tumor

1. Unlike benign tumors, malignant tumors do metastasize.

2. Benign tumors.

• have got cell membranes.

• do not adhere to underlying tissues and organs.

• may stop growing and return to the original state of tissue.

• do not result in recurrence.

3. Malignant tumors.

• have got no cell membranes.

• proliferate widely.

• disrupt the normal functioning of organs and systems in the body. After removing any malignant tumor, metastases may still remain and form a new tumor.

Cerebral Malignant Tumor

This type of tumor is a solid formation either of modified cells or metastases from other organs.

Cerebral malignant tumor can form at any part of the brain.

Its severity depends primarily on location, size and growth rate.

Headache is the most characteristic symptom, but nausea, bursting pain and a feeling of heaviness go before it. In addition to headaches, mental illness or coma may occur. In some cases, cerebral malignant tumor causes disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

The potential for survival depends on the promptness in responding, timeliness of treatment, type of tumor, its size and location, patient age and general health.

Malignant Tumor of the Breast

The first symptoms can be easily detected after self-examination:

• abnormal induration or swelling in the breast.

• change in the shape and contours of the breast.

• breast skin dimpling or shrinkage.

• peeling of the breast skin.

• cavities when lifting arms up.

• recess of the nipple.

• nipple bleeding.

• abnormal induration or swelling of the nipple.

• change in the breast structure while mammary palpation.

• pain in the breast.

• swelling in the armpit or in the shoulder area.

• enlarged lymph nodes under the arm.

With early detection, treatment and prevention of malignant breast tumor, it is possible to get rid of abnormal masses and avoid all the negative consequences.

Malignant Tumor of the Uterus

Chronic diseases and inflammation can cause malignant tumors in the uterus. Sometimes, it results from endometrium proliferation.

The incipient tumour of the uterine is asymptomatic. As the disease develops, there is specific discharge with foul odor and color changes. In addition, disruption of the menstrual cycle and bleeding between menses may also take place. There may be pain and bleeding during intercourse, as well.

Treatment of uterine cancer is performed by using either surgery or radiation therapy. If no more children are planned, complete dissection is preferable, because it reduces the risks of recurrence.

Malignant Ovarian Tumor

By type, malignant ovarian tumors can be either.

• primary, originated from modified cells, or

• secondary, degenerated from benign tumors.

Typically, malignant ovarian tumor occurs without symptoms. In later stages, there are the following symptoms:

• gastrointestinal disorders.

• difficulty urinating.

• enlargement of abdomen.

• abdominal pain.

• bleeding.

• dropsy of abdomen.

• extreme exhaustion.

Unfavorable heredity, exposure to harmful substances, viral infections, already present benign tumors, metastases from other organs are among the main causes of malignant ovarian tumors.

With radical treatment, the chances of recovery are very high. Without treatment, there is a high risk of death.

Malignant Tumor of the Rectum

The main causes of tumors in the rectum are impaired digestion, gastrointestinal disorders, chronic constipation, bowel polyps and villous tumors.

Here are the most characteristic symptoms:

• bleeding.

• disruption of intestine functioning.

• manifestations of pain.

• discharge/excrement.

Treatment of rectum malignant tumors is mainly surgical: the affected part is removed.

Gastric Malignant Tumor

Malignant tumors in the stomach either originate from connective tissue cells or have metastatic origins. The greatest harm to the stomach is done by sarcoma, resulting from benign tumors.

The disease develops, but there is no damage to gastric membranes. Metastases spread within the lymph nodes, lungs and liver.

Malignant gastric tumors often present without symptoms. In some cases, there is loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, frequent nausea and vomiting.

Treatment of gastric malignant tumors is mainly surgical. Even with coarse lesion, the result can be positive. Most often it depends on the proliferation depth and presence/absence of metastases. Without surgical treatment, life expectancy of patients with malignant tumors of the stomach is from 1 to 2 years. Surgery can increase the longevity of up to 5 years or more.

Malignant Tumor of the Kidney

In most cases, malignant tumor of the kidney occurs around the age of 60 years.

Symptoms of kidney malignancy manifest in rather various ways:

• blood in the urine (hematuria).

• local pain.

• palpable tumor.

• temperature rise.

• dramatic weight loss.

• anemia.

• renal dysfunction.

• hypercalcemia.

In men, spermatic cord varication is to be a precursory symptom of tumor presence.

Treatment of kidney malignant tumors is mainly surgical, including the surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. On individual basis, a partial nephrectomy is performed.

Intestinal Malignant Tumor

In the early stages, intestinal malignant tumors present mild symptoms, which are usually not taken into account:

• different types of abdominal pain.

• constipation.

• a rumbling or gurgling noise made by fluid and gas movement in the intestines.

• bloating.

• blood in the stool.

• loss of appetite.

• pale skin.

• constant weakness and fatigue.

• weight loss.

• fever.

Here are the precursory symptoms of intestinal malignant tumors: villous tumors, adenomas, bowel polyps, chronic fistulas and chronic ulcerative colitis.

Intestinal malignant tumors can metastasize to lymph nodes, lungs, liver, and ovaries. Tumor proliferation into the bowel wall increases the risk of blood vessel distruction and intestinal bleeding. Active growth and expansion of this tumor type sometimes leads to intestinal obstruction.

Science Inspired by Superheroes

Science Inspired by Superheroes

Education with a Bang

As a homeschooler of two boys I had to find topics of interest that would keep them excited about learning. What I created was Education with a BANG! Unit studies that involve topics of interest to most boys and that combine English, Math, Science, Art, Geography, History within its pages.

Science Inspired by Superheroes looks at the superpowers of our favorite superheroes and describes the scientific principles behind these powers.
Introduction to superheroes

by Bailey, age 7Comic books were considered stories for children so there was not much concern to have real and accurate science, but, superheroes with their superpowers can inspire studies in Science. Many comic book characters were based on some sort of scientific fact although the facts were then often bent, twisted and altered in order to benefit the plot.

Introduction to Science

Because of our interest in superheroes we can be inspired to study physics (the study of the laws that rule the Universe), chemistry (which is about the substances that make up the world), biology (which is the study of life), Astrophysics, (which is the study of space) and even pseudoscience like the supernatural.

Did You Know?

Many superhero characters are scientists that through experiment and accident gain their super powers

Superman — Super strength and gravity

Originally, Superman’s powers were super compared to normal human beings. These super powers were based on the idea that Superman came from the planet Krypton. Krypton is said to be a much bigger planet than Earth and so the gravity of Earth is much less than that on Krypton.

Find out more about how a difference in gravity can make you seem super strong when you download the entire unit study!

The Flash — Friction, Momentum and Velocity

The Flash’s speed allows him to run very fast as well as run up the sides of a building or across the surface of water. These superpowers do agree with the laws of physics. Find out how when you download the entire unit study!

Superheroes not only have to battle villains, but they must also contend with the down side of their powers (according to the rules of physics). Discover the problems these rules can cause for superheroes when you download the entire unit study!

Did You Know?

The fastest land mammal is the cheetah. It can run up to 64 m/hr (102 km/hr) but only for a short time before it gets tired.

The electromagnetic spectrum vs The Incredible Hulk and the Fantastic 4

Radiation is energy that travels from one body to another in waves. Different types of radiation flow in different wavelengths. These different wavelengths are organized on an electromagnetic spectrum.

download the entire unit study to find out about all the radiation waves on the spectrum.

Did You Know?

Originally, the Hulk was grey, but a printing problem caused him to become green, which then became part of the storyline.

Science and technology — The gadgetry of Batman and Iron Man

Some comic book superheroes did not have superpowers, they had intelligence and great gadgets.

Download the entire unit study to find out about these cool gadgets and real life gadgets too!

The Science of Genetics

by Connor, age 9Genes are what define what we look like, our height and some of our characteristics. They are passed down from parent to child which is why in families you can find similar traits (hair color, eye color etc.)

Single Cup Coffee Makers – Should You Get One?

Single Cup Coffee Makers

Single Cup Coffee Makers Revolution

I love to have a good cup of coffee with rich aroma and consistency. Unfortunately, the coffee obtained from most drip coffee machines do not provide these characteristics. One needs to pay big bucks to buy special espresso grade coffee makers that provide that special European gourmet flavor. Well, finally there is a revolutionary solution for that. And not an expensive one either. New coffee makers, known as «single cup coffee makers» or «pod/capsule coffee makers» that provide the gourmet coffee experience without making you go broke, have lately inundated the market. Best of all, these machines are extremely simple to use and to maintain. Keurig, Breville, Nespresso, Senseo, and Bosch offer some of the most popular brands. Many other brands exist. This single cup coffee makers review does not intend to provide a comparison of the various brands available, but will try to explain what these single cup coffee makers are all about, their advantages and disadvantages, so that you can make your own mind as to whether to buy one.

How Do the Single Cup Coffee Makers Work?

The technique used in single cup coffee makers resembles that used in espresso machines where water under high pressure is forced through the coffee. In single cup coffee makers, the coffee is contained in small pods or capsules (also called K-Cups), and the water pressure applied to the coffee is somewhat less than that applied in espresso machines. However, the pressure is still high enough to extract the rich coffee aroma (note that the reason espresso coffee has so much more taste than drip coffee is because no water pressure is applied to coffee in drip machines).

Furthermore, because high water pressure is used, the coffee is produced in much shorter time than with drip coffee machines. So, almost instantly, one is able to obtain a gourmet cup of coffee with rich aroma.

Let`s look at the steps you have to take to brew a cup of coffee with single cup coffee makers:

1. Fill up the water container (usually a reservoir at the back of the coffee maker)
2. Introduce a coffee pod (or coffee capsule).
3. Place your cup under the fawcet.
4. Select type or size of coffee (if the machines offers a choice).
5. Turn on the activation button.

Voilà! In less than a minute you will have your gourmet coffee ready waiting in your cup.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Single Cup Coffee Makers

The advantages of single cup coffee makers are:

1. They produce real brewed coffees much richer in aroma than drip coffee machines.
2. They don`t require any additional filters.
3. They do away with the grinding of coffee beans by having the coffee beans already in special pods or capsules.
4. There is no need to measure or spoon coffee into the coffee maker as the coffee capsules or pods have always the same amount of coffee.
5. Their upkeep is very simple as there is no need to wash them after each use.
6. There is no waste because the machines make coffee for one cup at a time.
7. Finally, as explained above, they are very rapid and efficient.

The disadvantages are:

1. Specific brand of coffee pods or capsules only work on specific brand of machines. Usually, one cannot mix and match them. However, some brands of machines have started to offer compatibility with more than one brand of pods or capsules.

2. The price per cup (which is a functon of the price of coffee pods or capsules) is higher when compared to drip machines. However, for coffee connoisseurs, the quality and taste of the coffee obtained is worth the extra cost.

So Get Your Own Single Cup Coffee Maker Or Not?

Nowadays coffee has become a part of our way of life and culture. Most of us drink at least a couple of cups a day, and because it is available everywhere and inexpensive, we often buy it outside. But over time, costs add up. Given the short time it takes to make a good cup of coffee with the single cup coffee makers, it certainly makes sense to make your own coffee even if the cost per cup is slightly higher. Not only will you save money over time, but you will also get both the high quality grade coffee you are looking for as well as a few extra minutes in bed before you have to get up to prepare your coffee in the morning.

Spies, Secrets and Suspense Unit Study

Spies, Secrets and Suspense Unit Study

Spy Unit Study

Education with a BANG suggests that when teaching active boys, incorporate a subject they love and develop it into a lesson that will help them learn the basics.

This unit study is designed around Camp X, a Canadian spy school during WWII. This unit study combines history, math, english, geography, art and lessons that would have been taught at spy school. It is geared to about age 10-13.

Introduction to espionage
Sneak Peek

Espionage (spying) is a way for countries to find out secret information about their enemies.

This is especially useful during wartime so that information (intelligence) about weapons, troops etc. can be found out in advance.

Camp X
Sneak Peek

During WWII, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill created a plan to wage a «secret war» against Hitler by sending in undercover agents to
weaken German forces. The plan began by establishing a spy training school in Canada.

Did You Know

Sir William Stephenson (aka Intrepid) established the spy school on the north shore of Lake Ontario near the town of Whitby.

The Art of Disguise
Sneak Peek

One of the subjects taught at Camp X was how to alter their appearance quickly. Spies were meant to get information from the enemy and so they needed to blend in with the enemy which probably meant changing their appearance, their mannerisms and even their voice.

Did You Know?

Over 400 women managed to disguise themselves as men and serve in the Civil War.

Spy Training :Observation
Sneak Peek

Observation was another important skill learned by the agents at Camp X. In the Lecture Hall hung many types of uniforms, from many different countries. It was important for agents to recognize allies and enemies.

Did You Know!

Ian Fleming, author of the James Bond series, studied at Camp X spy school in Canada!

Types of Spies
Sneak Peek

In the spy world different spies played specific parts. Couriers, Double Agents, Defectors, Saboteurs, Moles, Analysts and Assassins were responsible for specific jobs in a mission.

Download the entire unit study and find out how each of these types of spies played a role in the missions!
Did You Know?

A controller was usually the only person the spy had contact with (which gives them less to reveal if they get caught).

Codes and ciphers (Cryptography)
Sneak Peek

Spies need to communicate with each other during a mission. But they must pass on messages that the enemy cannot read if they are intercepted. So, spies have created many ways of communicating using secret messages.

Download the entire unit study and find out about the number code, mask code, pinhole code the Navajo code and the enigma machine!

Did You Know?

A code is a set of symbols, letters, words or signals used in place of regular letters, words and numbers. A cipher is a type of code that hides the message by scrambling the letters

The Naming of the Animals

The Naming of the Animals

I am called ‘Parker’.

I am not the ‘Parker’ who lives in a condo with an elevator entrance along the Willamette River in Portland,a dog who is named after Charlie Parker.

I am also not the ‘Parker’ who lives at the Long Beach Aquarium in California. This
sea lion gets to eat thirty pounds of restaurant quality fish every day.

I am named after the Parker Hotel in Palm Springs. This is where my owners stayed on the trip where they discovered me. I came home with my owner who saw me in a shop window and had to have me and brought me back to Greater LA. I rode in the front seat of the car and I freaked out motorists of the desert by staring out the window when we stopped at intersections.

I am not obese as you can see from the picture.(I do my treadmill time at the company gym!)

As I settled into big city life, I had to give up some of my space because new critters were added to the house.I am the CEO of this ‘Swarm’, the head of ‘Parker Industries Ltd’, and I would like to introduce you to my employees. (I should have spelled this ’employes’ because some big companies change the spelling of the word for cost reduction.) Sometimes the Swarm is mistaken for a Flash Mob, but I want to assure you that it is merely a bunch of corporate animals.

As you can tell from the photo -as you slowly scroll down- they all want to be rabbits. AC and Mark Up are wearing rabbitear head extensions!

AC, the lizard, presented himself to our owners at Park Guell in Barcelona. The AC Diplomatic is where our keepers stayed when they were in Barcelona. AC is Gaudi but not gaudy.

Mark Up is an interesting case. He is in a Halloween dragon costume and was in the mark down bin on November 1 at Starbuck’s as he is one of the Starbuck’s BEARistas. He refused to be called «Mark Down» just because he spent on day in a discount bin. So our owner, a skookum person, agreed to put a spin on his name.

Another member of the team is Hopkins. My owner had a drink at the Top of the Mark. I think it was a Brandy Alexander. Hopkins has traveled UPS to Florida and back to cheer up a relative. He has the annoying habit of tittering and has sharp teeth, but he is beloved, nonetheless, because he is pocket sized for a rabbit and travels well. He has complied with security on his other journeys but was nervous about it the first few times. He is content to leap into a tray and go through the hand luggage machine because he is too wiggly to opt for a patdown (do they even have veterinarians on call at airports?) and too short for the instrumentation of full body imaging.

I shouldn’t forget to mention the two stone-faced hounds, Western and Best, and also the birds on their perch, Astoria and Waldorf. Fish are represented by the enchanting Esmeralda who hails from Indian Wells.

I recruit from all species. Heck, I would even hire a Squid if he qualified for an opening.

As the head of Parker Industries Ltd, I endeavor to enhance the quality of work life. My latest project is to implement a look book for my teammates which consists of paste-ups of animals. I apologize to them for not putting the photos on a Facebook, but they will have to make do with a traditional scrapbook for the time being.

The ‘Swarm’ stares at the book by the hour. AC loves the Geico gecko and Mark Up likes the spirit bears in National Geographic. I’m so busy that I haven’t even had time to get out and see a movie. I want to see «The Beaver».

Astoria and Waldorf

Parker Industries recognizes their communication aptitude and so these two have been selected for managing emails.

Let me tell you, I am a paternalistic CEO. I am the founder of Parker Industries Ltd. I suspect that companies run by the founder have a different style than those organizations that have been acquired through leveraged buyouts. It is my hope that the traditions will live on at Parker Industries Ltd long after I am gone.

The other feathered team members, Marriott and Biltmore, don’t appear here in this picture. I noticed that the birds needed to burn some calories so I had them fly off to our offsite operations to check the accounting. (Hopkins, a most indefatigable critter, who runs the venture capital, is overseeing their progress.)

I realize that some companies provide unlimited soda pop as a perk, and this is ok in my opinion if you are trying to recruit a youthful labor force. I used to dispense unlimited slices of my favorite carrot cake, the kind you see in the movie,«HOP», but I now limit this benefit to the month of April. I don’t think this has impacted my ability to attract rabbit employees.

I try to limit the number of birthday celebrations and potlucks in the office to one day a month to help employee health, especially the health of those who struggle with diets. I take advantage of these occasions to recognize unusual employee performance and to hand out award certificates. My favorite of these is the iHOPtoIT Achievement Award for completing a major task within time constraints and budget.

Astoria Column Oregon

A member of our feathered duo at Parker Industries is Astoria. She was hatched in this obelisk and she flew south after she matured.

Astoria was founded as a fur-trade town, the first settlement on the Pacific coast of America. Of course, fur is a favorite topic among some of our employees.

Tiger Eye Jewelry Gifts for Women

Tiger Eye Jewelry Gifts for Women

Tiger eye is one of those gemstones that you can’t stop looking at. Whether it’s a polished specimen on your desk or a beautiful piece of designer jewelry, tiger eye’s shiny luster and rich, warm coloring draw the eye immediately. That’s why tiger eye jewelry is so much fun to wear. Other people notice it.

Tiger eye is also known as tiger’s eye, tiger-eye and tiger’s-eye… sometimes even tigereye. The gemstone books I have at home tend to refer to this semi-precious stone as «tiger eye,» so that’s what we’re calling it here.

If you’re a fan of tiger eye jewelry, like I am, you’ll enjoy seeing this wonderful gemstone in its many shades, shapes and designs. If you’ve ever held a piece of highly polished tiger eye in your hand, you’ll know how comforting tiger eye can feel and, in fact, one of the metaphysical properties of tiger eye that has been revered at least as far back as Roman times is its protective quality. There’s a reason it feels so good to hold a tiger eye stone.

Tiger eye is a semi-precious gemstone related to the quartz family and popular lore says that it helps to attract good luck and prosperity. Also said of tiger eye is that it connects the energy of the earth (the brown colors representing groundedness) with the spiritual energy of the sun (the more ethereal golden colors representing divine light). Holding tiger eye in your hand would make you a believer of this. It’s a very calming, peaceful stone.

Tiger eye is the planetary stone for the astrological sign of Gemini (May 21 — June 20). Many writers have Gemini birth signs, including me, which may be why I’m so attracted to it. I do hope you find a lovely piece of tiger eye jewelry for yourself or for someone you love. It’s such a great stone and I’m really proud to display the pieces below.

Here is tiger eye before it’s shaped, carved or faceted

Tumbled and polished tiger eyeThe tumbled stone in the picture to the right shows the shiny luster of tiger eye quite well… also the bands of colors that range from honey tones to warm browns. If you look on the right side of the stone, you can clearly see the «eye,» too. This stone sits on my meditation desk.

The stone underneath is a small, tumbled, irregularly-shaped tiger eye that was made into a pendant. I probably picked it up at a local gem and mineral show some years ago. I’ve had it for eons.

You’ll notice that the top stone has more yellowish, honey shades alternating with the brown tones, while the smaller pendant has a bit more red in some of the brown and also a few striations of very dark brown.

In other words, when you look for tiger eye jewelry, you’ll never find two pieces exactly the same. In beaded necklaces, you won’t even find two gemstone beads that look alike.

That’s why tiger eye is so beloved and fun to wear. You’ll always have a unique piece of jewelry. Even if the designs are identical, the individual stones will always be different… and unique.

Tips for Men Going Through Divorce

Tips for Men Going Through Divorce

Addressing Men’s Divorce Issues

There are many articles, books and websites on women experiencing divorce and abandonment, but very few on tips for men going through a divorce instigated by their wives. Yet, nowadays we see many men who experience a divorce that was imposed upon them by their spouse. I have seen this closely in the lives of two of my friends. I will not deal in this article with the reasons these women wanted out of their marriage. Suffice it to say that in neither of the two cases were there any serious causes, such as adultery or conjugal violence. The marriages simply had not fulfilled the spouses’ expectations.

Divorce and Its Three Phases

Divorce is not easy, and the feelings it can stir up can be very painful and destructive. When divorce ends in anger and confrontation, feelings may attain devastating proportions affecting your life in all its aspects. Even when the outcome is amicable, there is a feeling of loss and failure that can be quite painful. This article intends to provide tips for men going through divorce and will try to provide a few basic guidelines to deal with it. Note that at the end of the article there is a recommendation to a complete guide providing vital advice for man going through divorce.

If you are going through divorce, in order to emerge with the least amount of damage to your life, you will have to live it in three phases: mourning, anger and action.

The Mourning Phase

After the passing of a loved one, you will have to mourn for a while before you can get on again with your life. A divorce is like the passing of your marriage. Remember your wedding day: you had so much hope for your life and were filled with so much joy; you imagined boundless possibilities for your future which you saw filled with days of laughter and nights of passion; and you never thought that one day you would face the chaos and mayhem you are experiencing today. Men going through divorce experience indeed a big loss. Therefore, you need to mourn so that you can fully experience your own feelings and heal. Keeping the feelings inside will only hurt you and will not allow you to get on with your life. So, mourn and cry on the shoulders of your friends and relatives. If crying is not your thing, write a personal journal or paint a picture to express your sadness, but don’t let those feelings of sadness stay locked up inside you.

The Anger Phase

After you have finished with crying, you may want to express your anger which is another feeling that is not good to keep inside. Anger is also a completely normal and liberating emotion to have after a painful divorce. Why should you not be mad? She stood with you in font of a large crowd and God, and promised to love you «until death do us part». Well, neither of you is dead! She broke her promise. You have all the right in the world to be angry and express it.

Expression of anger does not have to be violent, but if it is not expressed in some reasonable way, it could erupt in explosions of uncontrollable rage. What you need to do is channel it into positive and constructive methods of expression. For example, you could start some sporting activity, like soccer or kickboxing, where you would transfer the energy stemming from your anger into the activity required by the sport. This way you would not only express your anger, but also get into shape.

The Action Phase

When you have accepted your divorce and regained your capacity to view and judge things rationally, you will need to consider the next steps in your life, steps that you have to take to live with the consequences of the divorce, and with the least amount of damage to your life. If you have kids, the custody arrangements must be decided with their best interest in mind. If your ex-wife is after every last penny you have, you may need a lawyer to fight her! If you had to vacate your conjugal home, you may need to find a new place to live. All these necessities and possibly others will need to be addressed calmly and rationally, and represent valuable tips for men going through divorce.

Life Continues After Your Divorce

Life is not simple, and the three phases described above are generally not mutually exclusive. There can be quite a bit of overlap between them. You might feel that your state of mind is not progressing, that it is locked in sadness and anger, and that you are not capable of dealing rationally with the unfolding events. This is not unusual. Many men going through divorce experience that. If that is your case as well, you may need to get some professional counseling.

Remember that a divorce is the end of your wedding not your life. The possibilities in life are limitless, and often one bad thing leads to a good one. Therefore tips for men coping with divorce should also address life after divorce. You should use the painful experience of divorce to learn from it and grow. You can take this negative and turn it into something new and good. As their lives are already undergoing major changes, many men going through divorce may consider new initiatives, such as a career change, getting a degree in some field that has always been interesting, or taking that dream trip to the far east, etc. Follow their example. And why not indulge in some of the little pleasures in life? Like eating in that corner restaurant that you always wanted to try but could not go because your ex-wife was not interested. You never know, you might meet your soul mate there!

Your prospects are endless. Forgive, but do not forget the lessons you have learned.

There is a big world out there. So seek and you shall find!